Established Schemes

Country Since Calculated On
Australia 1974 Stock count

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
PLR Act (1985), Program since 1974.

Method of calculation
Stock count.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Australian Citizens wherever they reside. Non-citizens who are resident in Australia.

Eligible material
Books, providing they have an ISBN, have been offered for sale and have no more than 5 creators.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, Illustrators, publishers.

Managed By
Government Department.

Libraries Covered
Public and educational.

Austria 1977 Loans

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
Copyright Act 1993, Program since 1977.

Method of calculation
Loans based: 26% funds go for ‘social and cultural purposes’.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Austrian/EU citizens and permanent residents of Austria.

Eligible material
Works of literature lent out as books, journals, audio-visual works.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, Translators, Publishers.

Managed By
Collecting society (Literar Mechana).

Libraries Covered
Public and scientific.

Belgium 1994 Loans and no of vols

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
Copyright Act 1994; Royal Decree 2004; new Royal Decree 2012 after VEWA case.

Method of calculation
Since 2012 payments based on loans and no of vols.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Not known.

Eligible material
Printed and audio visual works.

Eligible Recipients
Rightsholders of works lent out by libraries (incl authors, publishers, artists, producers).

Managed By
Collecting society (Reprobel). (Payment distribution by separate rightsholders’ organisations).

Libraries Covered
Public. Educational and scientific libraries exempted.

Canada 1983 Titles

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
PLR Commission set up in 1986 but with no statutory basis.

Method of calculation
Based on titles published and how many libraries hold a copy of each title.

Amount available for payments
Click here for more information.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Canadian Citizens wherever they reside and permanent residents of Canada.

Eligible material
Books (except how-to and other types of non-fiction works) books) providing they are printed and have at least 48 pages; ebooks included from 2017.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, iIlustrators, photographers, editors, compilers, translators. Publishers not included.

Managed By
PLR Commission under the Canada Council for the Arts.

Libraries Covered
Public.

Croatia 2003 Loans

Founding Legislation
Copyright Act 2003.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, translators.

Managed By
Croatian Writers Association.

Libraries Covered
Public.

Cyprus 2016 Grants not linked to loans

Founding Legislation
Copyright legislation awaiting changes – Sept 2016.

Method of calculation
New PLR fund provided for payment as grants to authors. Paid over to Writers Union in 2017.

Amount available for payments
Click here for more information.

Eligible material
Printed books.

Eligible Recipients
Authors.

Managed By
Cyprus Writers Union.

Czech Republic 2006 Loans

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
Amendment of Copyright Act 2006.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Czech Nationals and foreign authors.

Eligible material
Text-based works and images – both printed and distributed as accompanying material with printed works or through non-commercial channels.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, photographers, translators, adaptors.

Managed By
Collecting societies: DILIA – authors, translators, adaptors. OOA-S – illustrators, photographers.

Libraries Covered
Public.

Denmark 1946 Stock and page count

Founding Legislation
1942 amendment to the Public Libraries Act coming into force in 1946; PLR Act 1992.

Method of calculation
Stock and page count.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
No nationality restriction but books must be written in Danish language.

Eligible material
Books, talking books, recorded music & art works; e-books to be included from 2018 but included within existing scheme without a change in the law.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, translators, artists, photographers, composers and other contributors. Publishers not included.

Managed By
Agency for Culture and Palaces / Literature & DEFF.

Libraries Covered
Public and school.

Estonia 2000 Loans

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
Copyright Law amendment 2000.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Citizens or permanent residents of Estonia. Books must be first published in Estonia.

Eligible material
Books, audio visual works.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, translators, editors, adaptors, illustrators.

Managed By
Authors Remuneration Fund.

Libraries Covered
Public.

Faroe Islands 1988 Stock count

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
Act of Lending (1988).

Method of calculation
Stock count.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Faroese citizenship or authors who write in the Faroese.

Eligible material
Books – must be for sale in book stores.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, Translators, Illustrators.

Managed By
Faroese Library Centre.

Libraries Covered
National Library, public and school libraries.

Finland 1963 Loans

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
Act of Grants & Subsidies (1963); replaced by amendment to Copyright Act 2007 and new remuneration law in 2016.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Authors and rightsholders living in EEA countries.

Eligible material
Books and copyright works lent out by libraries, but not films or computer programs.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, translators, designers, composers and other rigthsholders (but not publishers).

Managed By
Collecting societies representing authors (SANASTO), artists (KOPIOSTO) and composers (TEOSTO).

Libraries Covered
Public (but educational libraries to be included in future).

France 2003 Copies and library membership

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
PLR Act 2003 (implemented 2005).

Method of calculation
Payment per copy purchased (6% of book price) and Euro 1.5 per library member and Euro 1 for university lib members; authors’ pensions.

Amount available for payments
Click here for more information.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
French authors and publishers; reciprocal agreements with other countries.

Eligible material
Books . But not textbooks for student use, remaindered books, old or used books, sheet music, self-published books sold by authors, journals, magazines etc..

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, publishers.

Managed By
Collecting society (SOFIA).

Libraries Covered
Municipal, departmental, university, works council, and other libraries lending to the public, hospital, non-profit organisation libraries, etc.

Germany 1972 Loans

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
Copyright Law (1972).

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
No nationality or language restriction, but distribution to foreign authors only via collecting societies.

Eligible material
Books, audio-books, audiovisual materials.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, editors, translators, publishers.

Managed By
Collecting societies: VG Wort (authors), Bild Kunst (artists).

Libraries Covered
Public, higher education and other libraries.

Greenland 1993 Stock

Founding Legislation
Included in National Library Act, 1993.

Method of calculation
Stock count.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Publications must be in Greenlandic or translated into Greenlandic.

Eligible material
Books and audio-books of more than 32 pages.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, translators.

Managed By
National Library.

Libraries Covered
National Library and other Greenlandic libraries.

Hungary 2008 Loans

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
Amendment to Copyright Act 2008 (funding allocated but not available until 2012).

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Hungarian authors and foreign authors under reciprocal agreements.

Eligible material
Books.

Eligible Recipients
Authors.

Managed By
Hungarian Literary Authors Collecting Society (MISZJE).

Libraries Covered
Public libraries.

Iceland 1988 Loans

Founding Legislation
Author’s Fund Library Act (1988); updated in 2007.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Resident in Iceland and books written in Icelandic.

Eligible material
Books – excluding books with more than 3 authors and books (aside from children's books) with less than 36 pages; audio-books.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, translators, composers.

Managed By
Writers Library Fund.

Libraries Covered
National University library, public, school and institutional libraries funded by government.

Ireland 2007 Loans

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
Amendment to Copyright Act in 2007.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Amount available for payments
Click here for more information.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Open to Irish nationals anywhere and authors resident in European Economic Area countries.

Eligible material
Books.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, translators, editors, photographers.

Managed By
PLR office under The Library Council.

Libraries Covered
Public.

Israel 1986 Loans

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
Program since 1986 but with no PLR legislation.

Method of calculation
Loans based

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Citizens of Israel who write in Hebrew or Arabic.

Eligible material
Books, but non-fiction not included.

Eligible Recipients
Authors.

Managed By
Administration contracted out by govt. to private firm.

Libraries Covered
Public.

Italy 2006 Funds cultural project

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
PLR Law (2006).

Method of calculation
Funding for authors is provided to FUIS via SIAE and used for social and cultural purposes. No direct distribution to authors.

Eligible material
Printed works, audio books and other A/V material.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, publishers and other rightsholders.

Managed By
Federazione Unitaria Italiana Scrittori (FUIS).

Libraries Covered
State-funded and local government libraries (but not school or university libraries).

Latvia 2006 Stock and loans

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
Copyright Law (2000). Took effect 2006.

Method of calculation
Funding is based on 5% of state expenditure on library stock, while payments are based on loans.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
No special requirements.

Eligible material
Books, sheet music, phonograms, films.

Eligible Recipients
Writers, translators, illustrators, compilers, adaptors/retellers, composers, film producers, narrators.

Managed By
Collecting society (AKKA/LAA).

Libraries Covered
State funded libraries except educational libraries.

Liechtenstein 1999 Loans

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Method of calculation
Based on loans and the type of media loaned.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Rightsholders under copyright law.

Eligible material
Copies of literary and artistic works lent out, written, audio and audiovisual media.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, artists.

Managed By
ProLitteris.

Libraries Covered
Libraries accessible to the public.

Lithuania 2002 Loans

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
Copyright Law (1999). Came into effect 2002.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Open to Lithuanian nationals, authors writing in Lithuanian, translators into Lithuanian, illustrators; open to foreign authors where reciprocal arrangements exist.

Eligible material
Books.

Eligible Recipients
Authors,illustrators, translators.

Managed By
Collecting society (LATGA-A).

Libraries Covered
Public.

Luxembourg 2001 Loans

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
Copyright Act (2001); Regulations 2007.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Residents of Luxembourg.

Eligible material
Books, audio visual works, music & newspapers and electronic media.

Eligible Recipients
Writers, illustrators, photographers, translators, adaptors.

Managed By
Collecting society (LUXORR).

Libraries Covered
Educational and scientific libraries are exempt and other specialist libraries; leaving about 15 public libraries to be included.

Malta 2015 Loans

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Payable on loans of books with Maltese ISBNs.

Eligible material
Printed books.

Eligible Recipients
Authors.

Managed By
National Book Council.

Libraries Covered
Public Libraries.

Netherlands 1971 Loans

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
Copyright Law (1988 and 1995), program in place since 1971.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
None.

Eligible material
Books, Audio-Books, Audio Visual Material, Multimedia, DVD-Video (for scriptwriters) Magazines, Brochures, Works of Art, CD-ROMs.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, Illustrators, Photographers, Editors/Compilers, Translators, Adaptors, Publishers, Copyright Holders.

Managed By
Collecting society; Stichting Leenrecht working with LIRA.

Libraries Covered
Public Libraries.

New Zealand 1973 Copies

Method of calculation
Copies based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Must have permanent abode in New Zealand or be resident in New Zealand 6 months of the last twelve months (not consecutive).

Eligible material
Printed books.

Eligible Recipients
Authors and Illustrators.

Managed By
National Library of New Zealand.

Norway 1947 Stock count

Founding Legislation
PLR Act (1987) but first established in 1947.

Method of calculation
Funding based on library stock holdings across the country; travel and study grants.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Books written in Norwegian or Sami and published in Norway.

Eligible material
Books.

Eligible Recipients
Any author of a book published in Norway.

Managed By
Government department giving PLR funds to rightsholders’ organisations for payment to authors as grants.

Libraries Covered
Public, school, research, prison.

Poland 2015 Loans

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
Amendments to copyright legislation in 2015.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Books published in Polish language.

Eligible material
Books.

Eligible Recipients
Writers, translators and other contributors get 75% of funds; publishers get 25%.

Managed By
Copyright Polska.

Libraries Covered
Public libraries.

Slovak Republic 2015 Loans

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
New Copyright Act of 2015 (effective from Jan 2016). Public lending of printed works and e-lending included under ‘extended mass licensing’.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Eligible material
Literary, dramatic, audio visual, photographic and artistic works.

Eligible Recipients
Authors.

Managed By
Collecting society: LITA.

Libraries Covered
Public.

Slovenia 1995 Loans

Founding Legislation
Law on Authors’ Rights (1995) followed by laws in 2002, 2004, 2009.

Method of calculation
Loans based,funding can provide for grants and scholarships.

Eligible material
Citizens of Slovenia for books published in Slovenia.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, translators, composers, lyrics writers, film directors, screenplay writers.

Managed By
Slovenia Book Agency.

Libraries Covered
Public.

Spain 1994 Loans and users

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
1994 legislation revised in 2006 IP Act to include public libraries.

Method of calculation
Payment per loan plus payment per user.

Eligible material
Books, audio visual material.

Eligible Recipients
Authors.

Managed By
Collecting society: CEDRO.

Libraries Covered
Public.

Sweden 1954 Loans

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
State Decree (1954).

Method of calculation
Loans based with funding for grants and support for authors.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Authors who write in Swedish or live permanently in Sweden, translators.

Eligible material
All books including reference.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, translators.

Managed By
Swedish Authors Fund (Sveriges Författarfond).

Libraries Covered
Public libraries.

United Kingdom 1979 Loans

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Founding Legislation
Public Lending Right Act 1979.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Residents of the EEA regardless of nationality.

Eligible material
Books and (since 2010) audio and some types of ebook; extended to all ebook loans in 2017.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, editors/compilers, translators , adaptors; producers and narrators of audio books.

Managed By
British Library.

Libraries Covered
Public libraries.

Country

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
1974

Calculated on
Stock count

Founding Legislation
PLR Act (1985), Program since 1974.

Method of calculation
Stock count.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Australian Citizens wherever they reside. Non-citizens who are resident in Australia.

Eligible material
Books, providing they have an ISBN, have been offered for sale and have no more than 5 creators.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, Illustrators, publishers.

Managed By
Government Department.

Libraries Covered
Public and educational.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
1977

Calculated on
Loans

Founding Legislation
Copyright Act 1993, Program since 1977.

Method of calculation
Loans based: 26% funds go for ‘social and cultural purposes’.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Austrian/EU citizens and permanent residents of Austria.

Eligible material
Works of literature lent out as books, journals, audio-visual works.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, Translators, Publishers.

Managed By
Collecting society (Literar Mechana).

Libraries Covered
Public and scientific.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
1994

Calculated on
Loans and no of vols

Founding Legislation
Copyright Act 1994; Royal Decree 2004; new Royal Decree 2012 after VEWA case.

Method of calculation
Since 2012 payments based on loans and no of vols.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Not known.

Eligible material
Printed and audio visual works.

Eligible Recipients
Rightsholders of works lent out by libraries (incl authors, publishers, artists, producers).

Managed By
Collecting society (Reprobel). (Payment distribution by separate rightsholders’ organisations).

Libraries Covered
Public. Educational and scientific libraries exempted.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
1983

Calculated on
Titles

Founding Legislation
PLR Commission set up in 1986 but with no statutory basis.

Method of calculation
Based on titles published and how many libraries hold a copy of each title.

Amount available for payments
Click here for more information.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Canadian Citizens wherever they reside and permanent residents of Canada.

Eligible material
Books (except how-to and other types of non-fiction works) books) providing they are printed and have at least 48 pages; ebooks included from 2017.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, iIlustrators, photographers, editors, compilers, translators. Publishers not included.

Managed By
PLR Commission under the Canada Council for the Arts.

Libraries Covered
Public.

Since
2003

Calculated on
Loans

Founding Legislation
Copyright Act 2003.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, translators.

Managed By
Croatian Writers Association.

Libraries Covered
Public.

Since
2016

Calculated on
Grants not linked to loans

Founding Legislation
Copyright legislation awaiting changes – Sept 2016.

Method of calculation
New PLR fund provided for payment as grants to authors. Paid over to Writers Union in 2017.

Amount available for payments
Click here for more information.

Eligible material
Printed books.

Eligible Recipients
Authors.

Managed By
Cyprus Writers Union.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
2006

Calculated on
Loans

Founding Legislation
Amendment of Copyright Act 2006.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Czech Nationals and foreign authors.

Eligible material
Text-based works and images – both printed and distributed as accompanying material with printed works or through non-commercial channels.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, photographers, translators, adaptors.

Managed By
Collecting societies: DILIA – authors, translators, adaptors. OOA-S – illustrators, photographers.

Libraries Covered
Public.

Since
1946

Calculated on
Stock and page count

Founding Legislation
1942 amendment to the Public Libraries Act coming into force in 1946; PLR Act 1992.

Method of calculation
Stock and page count.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
No nationality restriction but books must be written in Danish language.

Eligible material
Books, talking books, recorded music & art works; e-books to be included from 2018 but included within existing scheme without a change in the law.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, translators, artists, photographers, composers and other contributors. Publishers not included.

Managed By
Agency for Culture and Palaces / Literature & DEFF.

Libraries Covered
Public and school.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
2000

Calculated on
Loans

Founding Legislation
Copyright Law amendment 2000.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Citizens or permanent residents of Estonia. Books must be first published in Estonia.

Eligible material
Books, audio visual works.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, translators, editors, adaptors, illustrators.

Managed By
Authors Remuneration Fund.

Libraries Covered
Public.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
1988

Calculated on
Stock count

Founding Legislation
Act of Lending (1988).

Method of calculation
Stock count.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Faroese citizenship or authors who write in the Faroese.

Eligible material
Books – must be for sale in book stores.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, Translators, Illustrators.

Managed By
Faroese Library Centre.

Libraries Covered
National Library, public and school libraries.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
1963

Calculated on
Loans

Founding Legislation
Act of Grants & Subsidies (1963); replaced by amendment to Copyright Act 2007 and new remuneration law in 2016.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Authors and rightsholders living in EEA countries.

Eligible material
Books and copyright works lent out by libraries, but not films or computer programs.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, translators, designers, composers and other rigthsholders (but not publishers).

Managed By
Collecting societies representing authors (SANASTO), artists (KOPIOSTO) and composers (TEOSTO).

Libraries Covered
Public (but educational libraries to be included in future).

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
2003

Calculated on
Copies and library membership

Founding Legislation
PLR Act 2003 (implemented 2005).

Method of calculation
Payment per copy purchased (6% of book price) and Euro 1.5 per library member and Euro 1 for university lib members; authors’ pensions.

Amount available for payments
Click here for more information.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
French authors and publishers; reciprocal agreements with other countries.

Eligible material
Books . But not textbooks for student use, remaindered books, old or used books, sheet music, self-published books sold by authors, journals, magazines etc..

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, publishers.

Managed By
Collecting society (SOFIA).

Libraries Covered
Municipal, departmental, university, works council, and other libraries lending to the public, hospital, non-profit organisation libraries, etc.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
1972

Calculated on
Loans

Founding Legislation
Copyright Law (1972).

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
No nationality or language restriction, but distribution to foreign authors only via collecting societies.

Eligible material
Books, audio-books, audiovisual materials.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, editors, translators, publishers.

Managed By
Collecting societies: VG Wort (authors), Bild Kunst (artists).

Libraries Covered
Public, higher education and other libraries.

Since
1993

Calculated on
Stock

Founding Legislation
Included in National Library Act, 1993.

Method of calculation
Stock count.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Publications must be in Greenlandic or translated into Greenlandic.

Eligible material
Books and audio-books of more than 32 pages.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, translators.

Managed By
National Library.

Libraries Covered
National Library and other Greenlandic libraries.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
2008

Calculated on
Loans

Founding Legislation
Amendment to Copyright Act 2008 (funding allocated but not available until 2012).

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Hungarian authors and foreign authors under reciprocal agreements.

Eligible material
Books.

Eligible Recipients
Authors.

Managed By
Hungarian Literary Authors Collecting Society (MISZJE).

Libraries Covered
Public libraries.

Since
1988

Calculated on
Loans

Founding Legislation
Author’s Fund Library Act (1988); updated in 2007.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Resident in Iceland and books written in Icelandic.

Eligible material
Books – excluding books with more than 3 authors and books (aside from children's books) with less than 36 pages; audio-books.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, translators, composers.

Managed By
Writers Library Fund.

Libraries Covered
National University library, public, school and institutional libraries funded by government.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
2007

Calculated on
Loans

Founding Legislation
Amendment to Copyright Act in 2007.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Amount available for payments
Click here for more information.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Open to Irish nationals anywhere and authors resident in European Economic Area countries.

Eligible material
Books.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, translators, editors, photographers.

Managed By
PLR office under The Library Council.

Libraries Covered
Public.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
1986

Calculated on
Loans

Founding Legislation
Program since 1986 but with no PLR legislation.

Method of calculation
Loans based

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Citizens of Israel who write in Hebrew or Arabic.

Eligible material
Books, but non-fiction not included.

Eligible Recipients
Authors.

Managed By
Administration contracted out by govt. to private firm.

Libraries Covered
Public.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
2006

Calculated on
Funds cultural project

Founding Legislation
PLR Law (2006).

Method of calculation
Funding for authors is provided to FUIS via SIAE and used for social and cultural purposes. No direct distribution to authors.

Eligible material
Printed works, audio books and other A/V material.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, publishers and other rightsholders.

Managed By
Federazione Unitaria Italiana Scrittori (FUIS).

Libraries Covered
State-funded and local government libraries (but not school or university libraries).

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
2006

Calculated on
Stock and loans

Founding Legislation
Copyright Law (2000). Took effect 2006.

Method of calculation
Funding is based on 5% of state expenditure on library stock, while payments are based on loans.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
No special requirements.

Eligible material
Books, sheet music, phonograms, films.

Eligible Recipients
Writers, translators, illustrators, compilers, adaptors/retellers, composers, film producers, narrators.

Managed By
Collecting society (AKKA/LAA).

Libraries Covered
State funded libraries except educational libraries.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
1999

Calculated on
Loans

Method of calculation
Based on loans and the type of media loaned.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Rightsholders under copyright law.

Eligible material
Copies of literary and artistic works lent out, written, audio and audiovisual media.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, artists.

Managed By
ProLitteris.

Libraries Covered
Libraries accessible to the public.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
2002

Calculated on
Loans

Founding Legislation
Copyright Law (1999). Came into effect 2002.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Open to Lithuanian nationals, authors writing in Lithuanian, translators into Lithuanian, illustrators; open to foreign authors where reciprocal arrangements exist.

Eligible material
Books.

Eligible Recipients
Authors,illustrators, translators.

Managed By
Collecting society (LATGA-A).

Libraries Covered
Public.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
2001

Calculated on
Loans

Founding Legislation
Copyright Act (2001); Regulations 2007.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Residents of Luxembourg.

Eligible material
Books, audio visual works, music & newspapers and electronic media.

Eligible Recipients
Writers, illustrators, photographers, translators, adaptors.

Managed By
Collecting society (LUXORR).

Libraries Covered
Educational and scientific libraries are exempt and other specialist libraries; leaving about 15 public libraries to be included.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
2015

Calculated on
Loans

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Payable on loans of books with Maltese ISBNs.

Eligible material
Printed books.

Eligible Recipients
Authors.

Managed By
National Book Council.

Libraries Covered
Public Libraries.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
1971

Calculated on
Loans

Founding Legislation
Copyright Law (1988 and 1995), program in place since 1971.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
None.

Eligible material
Books, Audio-Books, Audio Visual Material, Multimedia, DVD-Video (for scriptwriters) Magazines, Brochures, Works of Art, CD-ROMs.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, Illustrators, Photographers, Editors/Compilers, Translators, Adaptors, Publishers, Copyright Holders.

Managed By
Collecting society; Stichting Leenrecht working with LIRA.

Libraries Covered
Public Libraries.

Since
1973

Calculated on
Copies

Method of calculation
Copies based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Must have permanent abode in New Zealand or be resident in New Zealand 6 months of the last twelve months (not consecutive).

Eligible material
Printed books.

Eligible Recipients
Authors and Illustrators.

Managed By
National Library of New Zealand.

Since
1947

Calculated on
Stock count

Founding Legislation
PLR Act (1987) but first established in 1947.

Method of calculation
Funding based on library stock holdings across the country; travel and study grants.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Books written in Norwegian or Sami and published in Norway.

Eligible material
Books.

Eligible Recipients
Any author of a book published in Norway.

Managed By
Government department giving PLR funds to rightsholders’ organisations for payment to authors as grants.

Libraries Covered
Public, school, research, prison.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
2015

Calculated on
Loans

Founding Legislation
Amendments to copyright legislation in 2015.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Books published in Polish language.

Eligible material
Books.

Eligible Recipients
Writers, translators and other contributors get 75% of funds; publishers get 25%.

Managed By
Copyright Polska.

Libraries Covered
Public libraries.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
2015

Calculated on
Loans

Founding Legislation
New Copyright Act of 2015 (effective from Jan 2016). Public lending of printed works and e-lending included under ‘extended mass licensing’.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Eligible material
Literary, dramatic, audio visual, photographic and artistic works.

Eligible Recipients
Authors.

Managed By
Collecting society: LITA.

Libraries Covered
Public.

Since
1995

Calculated on
Loans

Founding Legislation
Law on Authors’ Rights (1995) followed by laws in 2002, 2004, 2009.

Method of calculation
Loans based,funding can provide for grants and scholarships.

Eligible material
Citizens of Slovenia for books published in Slovenia.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, translators, composers, lyrics writers, film directors, screenplay writers.

Managed By
Slovenia Book Agency.

Libraries Covered
Public.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
1994

Calculated on
Loans and users

Founding Legislation
1994 legislation revised in 2006 IP Act to include public libraries.

Method of calculation
Payment per loan plus payment per user.

Eligible material
Books, audio visual material.

Eligible Recipients
Authors.

Managed By
Collecting society: CEDRO.

Libraries Covered
Public.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
1954

Calculated on
Loans

Founding Legislation
State Decree (1954).

Method of calculation
Loans based with funding for grants and support for authors.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Authors who write in Swedish or live permanently in Sweden, translators.

Eligible material
All books including reference.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, translators.

Managed By
Swedish Authors Fund (Sveriges Författarfond).

Libraries Covered
Public libraries.

Website
You can find more information on following page(s):

Since
1979

Calculated on
Loans

Founding Legislation
Public Lending Right Act 1979.

Method of calculation
Loans based.

Citizenship and/or language requirement
Residents of the EEA regardless of nationality.

Eligible material
Books and (since 2010) audio and some types of ebook; extended to all ebook loans in 2017.

Eligible Recipients
Authors, illustrators, editors/compilers, translators , adaptors; producers and narrators of audio books.

Managed By
British Library.

Libraries Covered
Public libraries.